Parasites are organisms existing in or on another living thing from which they obtain nutrients and which they cause harm.


Pathoblockers weaken bacteria and inhibit their pathogenic effect. They might be used in the future where antibiotics have become ineffective.


Pathogens are microorganisms, viruses, toxins and ionizing radiation that can cause disease. They are pathogenic organisms and substances, respectively.


Using PCR, DNA can be amplified in vitro, that is outside of a living organism.


In infection biology, persistence refers to a pathogen being able to survive in a patient’s body.

Personalised medicine

Personalised medicine takes into account individual patients with their genetic conditions and aims at a targeted therapy.


Pharmacokinetics deals with concentrations of a drug and its degradation products within the body.


Plasmodia are unicellular parasites. Some species can cause malaria in human.

Post-exposure prophylaxis

Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) refers to preventive medical measures taken when a person has had contact with a pathogen. This is intended to prevent the outbreak of the disease or to mitigate its course.

Preclinical tests

In drug development, preclinical tests are carried out to investigate the behavior of novel agents in cell culture or animal models.