Cytokines are small proteins released by cells that influence the interaction and communication between cells.


The cytomegalovirus, or CMV, is a herpes virus that is spread worldwide and remains in the body for life after infection.



Daptomycin is an antibiotic of last resort that is used to treat infections with gram-positive MRSA.


Decolonisation is the elimination of certain pathogens in humans.

Dengue fever

Dengue fever is a viral disease transmitted by the tiger mosquito.

Directly acting antivirals

Directly acting antivirals (DAA) are novel drugs for the treatment of hepatitis C, which directly target the hepatitis C virus.

DNA sequencing

DNA sequencing is the determination of the order of building blocks within a DNA molecule.


Ebola is a severe, often fatal disease in humans with high fever and bleedings. It is caused by the Ebola virus.


Elephantiasis is a disease that is characterized by grossly swellings of body parts due to impaired lymph drainage.

Elite controler

"Elite controllers" are very rare people with HIV infection who can control viral load spontaneously without antiretroviral drugs.